Electrochemical Materials
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Broadband High Temperature Impedance Spectroscopy

Spark Award 2014

The team of Electrochemical Material won the Spark Award 2014 for their patent "Strained Multilayer Resistive-switching Memory Elements"
The team of Electrochemical Material won the Spark Award 2014 for their patent "Strained Multilayer Resistive-switching Memory Elements".

(video, 10.03.2014)

Patent: Strained Multilayer Resistive-switching Memory Elements


  • July 2014: We are happy that Reto Pfenninger continues as a PhD student in our group after sucessfully finishing his master thesis.
  • Announcement: Prof. Rupp will give her introductory lecture on April 22nd 2013.

  • Welcome to our new PhD student Yanuo Shi and our new intern Gustav Schiefler

  • Welcome to our new PhDs Sebastian Schweiger and Felix Messerschmitt

  • August, 1st 2012
    Start of the Electrochemical Materials group

Inaugural Lecture


Prof. Jennifer Rupp: Nano-Elektronik und -Ionik: Memristive Speicher und Energie Konversion (video, 08.02.2013)

Electrochemical Materials is collaborating with Vilnius University in a Swiss-Lithuanian collaboration project under the title "Broadband High Temperature Impedance Spectroscopy".

The project is devoted to the production of oxide thin films by PLD method and their detailed analysis by impedance spectroscopy. The project will be implemented by four secondments of Lithuanian researchers to Switzerland, where they, under supervision of Swiss partners, will produce strontium titanate and gadolinium doped ceria thin films and prepare the electrodes for electrical characterization. The impedance spectroscopy measurements will be performed in Lithuania with the modified broadband impedance spectrometer at high frequencies up to 10 GHz.

The films can find a potential application in the new generation memory elements, the so called memristors. The understanding of physical reasons for memristor element switching is the main aim of the project. Besides, the training of Vilnius University group researchers to work with PLD system and film characterization in Switzerland will be beneficial for Lithuanian scientists. The final discussion of the results will be in Vilnius during the common scientific seminar at the end of the project.


Strontium titanate (STO) and ceria gadolinia (CGO) thin films were grown by PLD method in Switzerland. Platinum electrodes of a special geometry were formed by using photolithography. The films with the applied electrodes behave as memristors.

Memristor prototype produced during the current project (on the right hand side) compared to a standard 1
Memristor prototype produced during the current project (on the right hand side) compared to a standard 1.6 mm SMD resistor.

Further on the electrical properties were investigated. The film response to the triangular-shape voltage change in time shows memristive behaviour, hence their I-V curves have a hysteresis.

Cyclic voltammetry curves of CGO film
Cyclic voltammetry curves of CGO film. Blue poits show voltage increase and red points – voltage decrease. The profiles are typical for memristors.

The impedance spectroscopy investigation at high frequencies on oxygen solid electrolyte films was performed for the first time. A semicircle was observed in the complex plane plot of impedance, and it is related to oxygen ion relaxation process in the film.

Temperature dependences of CGO film conductivity was deduced from impedance spectra. Arrhenius graph (logarithm of conductivity vs. inverse temperature) shows similar conductivity values compared to the bulk conductivity of ceramics with the same chemical composition.

Impedance spectrum in complex plane plot of the CGO thin film
Impedance spectrum in complex plane plot of the CGO thin film.
Temperature dependence of the CGO thin film conductivity
Temperature dependence of the CGO thin film conductivity.


1. Lithuanian scientists learned the technological conditions of STO and CGO thin film growth by PLD.
2. Individual STO and CGO thin film samples have been produced, and they were suitable for high frequency impedance spectroscopy investigation.
3. Cyclic voltammetry results on STO and GDC thin films with crossbar electrode configuration showed memristor behaviour.
4. High frequency impedance spectrometer has been modified, allowing usage of DC bias when measuring impedance.
5. Relaxation type electrical parameter dispersion was observed in CGO thin film impedance spectra. The conductivity of CGO film was nearly identical to the conductivity of ceramics bulk.

Swiss-Lithuanian Collaboration Programme
Swiss-Lithuanian Collaboration Programme
Vilnius University
Vilnius University
Ministry of Education and Science of Lithuania
Ministry of Education and Science of Lithuania

Project Start: 1 January 2016

Project End: 30 September 2016

Project acronym: BISMOF

Project Agreement Number: CH-3-ŠMM-02/06.

Budget: 151 229 EUR 24 cnt.


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